Southend Corporation Transport '61
The Bus Routes
  Southend Corporation operated within the Southend Co-ordination area which extended beyond the Southend County Borough boundary as far as Rayleigh, Tarpots and Canvey. The corporation operated around 40% of the services within this area, the rest were operated by Eastern National.
 
  Click for full size photo The list of routes in September 1960 is shown here. Some routes were operated almost exclusively by Southend Corporation (e.g. 1, 4/4a/4b, 5/5a, 7 and 8), others almost exclusively by Eastern National (e.g 25/25a and routes that operated beyond the co-ordination area boundary) and the rest jointly (e.g. 6/6a, 28 and 29). From time to time the allocation was adjusted and Southend Corporation buses would appear or disappear on a route.
 
  Click for full size photo Map of the central Southend area in September 1960
 
Click for full size photo Map of the whole Southend co-ordination area in September 1960
 
  Click for full size photo On 19th April 1964, there was a major reorganisation of bus routes. In particular the old 3 and 5A routes were combined to form a single through route 3/3a from Canvey to Shoeburyness and the 28 and 29 circular routes, a remnant of the last trolleybus routes were changed and a new route 29 introduced running direct from Pier Hill to Eastwood. Click here for page 1 of the leaflet handed out to all bus passengers explaining the changes.
 
  Click for full size photo Page 2 of the leaflet
 
Click for full size photo Page 3 of the leaflet
 
  Click for full size photo The list of Southend bus routes in May 1966 is shown here.
 
  Click for full size photo Map of the central Southend area in May 1966
 
Click for full size photo Map of the whole Southend co-ordination area in May 1966
 
 
Fares
 
  Click for full size photo Bus fares were calculated on the basis of fare stages. Each bus conductor was issued with a fare book giving the fares from any bus stop within a fare stage to each other fare stage on the route. Each fare stage had a number which in theory appeared on a ticket although this assumed that the bus conductor could collect all the fares from passengers who had boarded in a particular fare stage before reaching the next fare stage. Victoria Circus was fare stage number 20 on all routes, with lower numbers going east/south and higher numbers going west/north.

Click for a typical fare table from 1966 for route 1 and routes 7/8 (in old money of course).
 

 
Route Indicators
 
  All Southend Corporation buses showed full route details both front and rear during this period, including destination, route number and three lines of intermediate points. Originally 287-298 had another set of indicators above the rear platform but these were removed early in this period, reputedly after an accident to a conductor who was leaning out from the platform to check the destination while the bus was moving. The indicators at the front of the bus were changed from either inside or outside the driver's cab while those at the rear of the bus were changed by opening a flap halfway up the rear stairs.
 
  Click for full size photo The layout of the passing point blinds during 1967 are shown here - this is a copy of the instruction sheet given out to bus conductors
 

 
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